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Male Breast Reduction (Gynecom)

Male breast reduction, also known as gynecomastia surgery, is a procedure designed to reduce excess breast tissue in men. Gynecomastia is a condition characterized by the enlargement of glandular tissue in the male breast, resulting in a more feminine or swollen appearance. This condition can occur due to hormonal imbalances, genetics, certain medications, or other underlying factors.

Candidates for Gynecomastia Surgery:

  • Enlarged Breast Tissue: Men with excess glandular tissue in the breast, leading to an enlarged appearance.

  • Good General Health: Candidates should be in good overall health for surgery.

  • Stable Weight: Individuals are encouraged to achieve a stable weight before considering gynecomastia surgery.

Consultation and Evaluation:

  • Medical Assessment: A thorough medical evaluation is conducted to determine the cause of gynecomastia and assess overall health.

  • Discussing Goals: Clear communication about the desired outcome and expectations is essential during the consultation.

Surgical Techniques:

  • Liposuction: Used to remove excess fat from the breast area. This is often suitable for cases where the enlargement is primarily due to excess fatty tissue.

  • Excision: Involves removing glandular tissue or excess skin. This method is often employed when there is significant glandular tissue or skin laxity.

  • Combination: Liposuction and excision may be used together for comprehensive reduction.


  • Local or General Anesthesia: The choice of anesthesia depends on the extent of the procedure and the surgeon's preference.


  • Post-Surgery Discomfort: Some discomfort, swelling, and bruising are common after the surgery.

  • Recovery Time: Most individuals can return to regular activities within a week or two, but strenuous exercise should be avoided initially.


  • Immediate Results: Some results are noticeable immediately after surgery, but final results may take several weeks as swelling subsides.

  • Scarring: Incisions are typically small and strategically placed to minimize visible scarring.

Risks and Considerations:

  • Temporary Changes in Sensation: Temporary changes in nipple or breast sensation may occur.

  • Scarring: While efforts are made to minimize scarring, some scarring is inevitable.

  • Infection or Bleeding: As with any surgery, there is a small risk of infection or bleeding.

Lifestyle Considerations:

  • Maintaining Results: Maintaining a stable weight and a healthy lifestyle can contribute to lasting results.

  • Follow-Up Appointments: Regular follow-up appointments with the surgeon are important to monitor healing and address any concerns.

Emotional and Psychological Impact:

  • Improved Self-Esteem: Gynecomastia surgery can have a positive impact on self-esteem and body image.

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